Afrikaner (in Africaans); Izankayi
Characteristic body conformation, large size and spreading horn that are oval in cross-section; the preferred coat colour is dark red; good walking and grazing ability; easy calving, exceptionally good mothering ability that provided ideal mother line for crossbreeding and the development of hardy composites; good longevity; good quality beef and high performance tropical beef breed.
Mostly maintained by commercial farmers (of European origin) in South Africa, and is the most popular indigenous breed. Also found in Botswana, Mozambique, Namibia, DR Congo, Zambia and Zimbabwe (Felius, 1995).
The original cattle and their traditional owners arrived in South Africa about 590-700 AD and migrated along the western side of southern Africa to areas of the western Cape Province. The breed evolved through gradual genetic selection (initially for traction) from among the acquired local Sanga stock by settled Dutch (Afrikaans) in South Africa in the 18th and 19th centuries. Surviving herds of the Rinderpest plague of 1896-99 and the Boer War of 1899-1902 provided the foundation stock of the modern Africander breed. The herd book was set up in 1907 and the breed association was established in 1912. The breed has since been exported to neighboring